With over 7,500km of coast there is plenty of great diving in Brazil. One of the top spots to dive is the Fernando de Noronha Islands, a UNESCO World Heritage site encompassing an archipelago of 21 islands 320km off the northern coast of Brazil. An island chain made up by the Atlantic Ridge, the diving includes very exciting bottom topography including volcano formed caves, caverns, and swim-throughs. Marine life is abundance including a long-term resident spinner dolphin pod. Over 230 fish species can be found and 15 species of coral. Divers commonly find eels, turtle, rays, sharks, barracuda, the occasional whale shark, and plenty of fish on its 20+ dive sites. There is also a favorite wreck dive of a Brazilian Navy Ipiranga Corvette V17.
Another Brazil diving favorite is Laje de Santos Marine Park near San Paulo. This area is known for it’s manta congregations from May to September and lots of schools of pelagic fish. Reef fish are common and the dive sites see everything from the tiniest nudibranchs the occasional whale. There is also the wreck of the Moreia sitting in 22m that was artificially sank in 1995 to attract fish.
There is freshwater cave and cavern diving in Bonito and the entranceto Abismo Anhumas Cave requires the diver to be lowered into the cave by a harness (for advanced cave divers only.) This cave is known for its clear visibility.
Abrolhos National Marine Park is a great place to see humpback whales which are common during the breeding season from July to November. This area has healthy corals and lots of fish and four wreck dives including the Italian freighter, Rosalinda, which sank in 1939.
Other popular diving areas including Arraial Do Cabo for seahorses, queen anglefish, turtles and eels. Angra dos Reis for groupers, sting rays, and the Pinguino Wreck. The area of Porto de Galinhas is known as the shiprwreck coast of Brazil has has many wrecks to dive.
Most divers throughout Brazil will be comfortable in a 3mm or 5mm wetsuit. In the summer months a shorty or skin may be enough, but most divers will appreciate the extra neoprene, especially in the colder winter months.